## Start Off Strong.

Congratulations! You and your learner will be way ahead of the game when you incorporate some **easy-to-use learning principles** in all of your planning and instruction.

These principles can make teaching/learning basic multiplication and division facts quick, easy, and fun.

### Additional Resource

Our Blueprint For Success In Multiplication & Division is a downloadable aid that can help you incorporate those teaching/learning principles in all your planning.

Below I will refer to the principles as they apply to the introduction of basic multiplication and division facts. * Remember that all learners can be successful.* Incorporating tried and true teaching/learning principles will

**assure success right from the start.**

### Principle #1: Present information in small increments.

Breaking information down into small units makes it more manageable. Keep these two teaching tips in mind:

- Teach just a few new facts at a time.
- Be sure those facts are mastered before moving on to the next incremental step.

### Principle #2: Show connections in material to be learned.

Teach the relationship between multiplication and division **right from the start.**

Consider the table mastered only when both multiplication and division facts are known fluently.

### Principle #3: Attach new learning to previous learning (spiral the information).

Build on a strong base.

Begin mastering immediate recall of basic facts **only after** a clear understanding of the concept of multiplication and division has been established. (*See The Additional Resource Below.*)

Teach students to recognize that 8 x 3 is the same as 3 x 8.

At a later date you will build on that information to teach 80 x 30 or 240/8.

Begin with very easy facts and progress to those that may seem more difficult (they’re actually not!)

Two examples:

- Begin with zeroes
- Teach 1’s, 2’s, 5’s, 10’s, and 9’s before 3’s.

### Principle #4: Practice material often and in differing ways.

Some students may need to be exposed to new learning as many as 20 times before the material becomes rote, or fluent, or internalized.

- Provide lots of practice using flashcards, games, spur-of-the-moment oral quizzes, etc.
- Assess for mastery of each fact before moving ahead.

### Principle #5: Create a pleasant, engaging atmosphere.

Make basic fact fluency fun! (Use games, short learning periods, varied practice, etc.)

## Additional Resource

Fluency in basic math facts starts with understanding the concept of what multiplication and division are all about.

Our lesson plan, “A Fun Way to Show the Multiplication & Division Relationship” is a downloadable aid you can use with your learner.

Begin working on mastery of basic facts after this concept is internalized. See more about our system, *Quick Facts with Grandma Bee*, which makes mastery of basic facts easy for you and your learner–right from the start.

## Next For You:

Read these articles to learn more about helping your child master basic math facts.